또 저체중 신생아가 아주 작고 미약할 지라도 자기를 가장 잘 간호 치료해 주고 자기를 진정으로 사랑해 주는 이도 잘 안다. 앞으로 아기의 건강·간호·치료, 양육에 관해서도 배워야 한다. Copyright ⓒ 2014 John Sangwon Lee, MD., FAAP
조산으로 태어난 영아들의 사망의 주 원인들 중 괴사소장 대장염(Necrotizing enterocolitis)이나 패혈증은 큰 원인들이다.조산으로 태어난 영아들의 장내에 있는 상존 세균에 불균형이 생긴다. 그로 인해 괴사소장 대장염이 생긴다고 믿는다, 그래서 Probiotics을 공급하면 괴사소장 대장염 등을 예방 할 수 있다고 한다. 그러나 probiotis, prebiotics. synviotics 의 효과의 차이를 확실히 모른다. Pediatrics.1/2021
Update 2/20/2022 Necrotizing enterocolitis and sepsis are the major causes of death among infants born prematurely. An imbalance occurs in the intestinal bacteria of infants born prematurely. It is believed that this causes necrotizing small intestine colitis, so it is said that supplying probiotics can prevent necrotizing small intestine colitis. But probiotics, prebiotics. It is not sure about the difference in the effects of probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics. Pediatrics.1/2021
Low birth weight infants 저체중 신생아
Premature infants born with cesarean section delivery
All newborns weighing less than 2,500g at birth are called low birth weight infants (低体重新生兒, Low birth weight infants).
Newborns born from 32 to 38 weeks of gestation before full term, regardless of the weight at birth, are called premature infants.
Newborns weighing less than 2,500g at birth may be premature or underweight. If you were born at full term, but your weight at birth is less than 2,500g, you can say that you are underweight.
Newborns born from the 38th week of pregnancy to the 42nd week of pregnancy are called term infants.
The birth weight of an underweight newborn depends on the number of weeks of gestation and the cause of the underweight newborn.
Very small, underweight newborns can be weak for some time after birth without the strength to suck on their mother’s nipples.
Underweight newborns are able to suck on their nipples vigorously and need nursing care in the neonatal room until they grow up as they continue to gain weight.
Nowadays, neonatal specialists specializing in underweight neonatology, specialist nurses, etc. specially nursing and nursing underweight newborns and special nursing diagnosis and treatment for diseases and problems that occur to them.
Most of the causes of premature or low birth weight are unknown.
During pregnancy, underweight newborns or premature babies are born due to infectious diseases or genetic diseases during pregnancy.
Some underweight babies born as full-term babies do not accumulate a lot of fat under the skin, so they are wrinkled and wrinkled.
Some very small underweight babies are difficult to survive without special nursing, nursing, diagnosis and treatment. In general, very small premature babies or underweight newborns are raised in an incubator (incubator) until they can control their body temperature to normal by themselves.
Small, underweight newborns should be dressed even while growing up in the incubator. Some very small underweight newborns can be weak without the power to suck their nipples on their own.
For this reason, when a low-weight newborn baby cannot eat enough nutrients by sucking the mother’s nipples or bottle nipples, a small feeding tube is inserted into the stomach through the baby’s nostrils or mouth-esophagus and is fed through the feeding tube.
Or artificial nutrition. While treating a low-weight newborn baby like this, weigh and check the vital signs (life symptoms) such as heart rate, respiratory rate, and body temperature frequently to find out their health.
From time to time, the heart rate and respiration rate are constantly checked through the monitor to check the baby’s health status every moment.
Although the rate of weight gain varies slightly from baby to baby, very small underweight newborns weigh 1 to 3 grams per day. When underweight newborns are hospitalized for a long time in the newborn room, the mother, father, and household members should visit the baby frequently. When visiting her baby, mom and dad should touch and hug her baby with warm hands. The nurse in the newborn room can feed the baby with salted mother’s milk or artificial nutrition, or the mother or father can directly feed the mother’s milk or artificial nutrition.
Even if the newborn baby is weak and young, her mother and father should not forget and say a lot of lovely words. In order for the baby to grow and develop faster and recover faster, the true love of mother and father is absolutely necessary.
This kind of love builds a stronger bond of love between mom and dad and her children. While the underweight newborn is growing up in incubation, the baby needs more of her parents’ love. The time for mom and dad to be with the baby in the newborn room is not that long, but you have to talk to the baby as well, touch the baby with her hands and love them. And it is important to know what is normal and abnormal in the growth and development of underweight newborns.
Even underweight newborns grow up so that you can better understand her mother’s voice and feel her mother’s touch with her hands.
Also, even though the underweight newborn is very small and weak, she knows the person who cares for and treats her best and who truly loves her. In the future, you should learn about baby’s health, nursing, treatment, and parenting. Copyright ⓒ 2014 John Sangwon Lee, MD., FAAP
“부모도 반의사가 되어야 한다”-본 사이트의 내용은 여러분들의 의사로부터 얻은 정보와 진료를 대신할 수 없습니다.
“The information contained in this publication should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your doctor. There may be variations in treatment that your doctor may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.
“Parental education is the best medicine.“