Copyright ⓒ 2014 John Sangwon Lee, MD., FAAP
Male infertility and pregnancy 남성 불임증과 임신 시도
It is said that 40% of total infertility is caused by the female side, 40% by the male side, 10% by both men and women, and the remaining 10% are not sure of the cause. Infertility caused by the male side is called male infertility, and infertility caused by the female side is called female infertility.
Male infertility can be caused by a congenital or acquired problem in the testicles, or it can be caused by problems other than the testicles.
Hypothalamic diseases, pituitary gland abnormalities, etc. Chromosomal abnormalities such as Kreifelte syndrome or male Turner syndrome. Sheep anorexia, Sertoli cell syndrome (gonadotropin), testicular insufficiency caused by drugs or radiation, orchitis, testicular trauma Testicular problems caused by rectified testicles, varicose veins in the male genital organs, testicular torsion, and aftereffects of hernia surgery.
Systemic diseases such as kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and hemochromatosis Excessive smoking or drinking, exposure to radiation, pesticides, or pesticides, or taking drugs such as steroids Intercourse disorder or Due to congenital vas deferens obstruction, vas deferens due to tuberculosis infection, vas deferens, etc. When semen abnormalities are present or when anti-sperm antibodies are present in women etc Male infertility can occur as a cause.
The male’s past and present medical history, family medical history, and sex life are summarized, a physical examination is performed, and a semen test is performed to find out if there is male infertility.
For reference, the testes of a normal adult are 4.5 cm long, 2.5 cm wide, and a volume of 20 cc is normal.
The number of sperm in the semen ejaculated at a time, how active the sperm are, how many strange sperms are among the sperm, whether the man himself is allergic to his sperm, the cervix of a woman You can do a semen test to see if you have allergies, how well your sperm is swimming, and so on.
Abnormally low sperm count can lead to infertility.
In this case, you can try to conceive by injecting sperm directly into the uterus through a tube.
You can also try to get pregnant by fertilizing it in vitro and then placing the fertilized egg in the womb. Men may be allergic to their sperm, and women may be allergic to men’s sperm, resulting in infertility.
If you are not pregnant due to allergies, you can try to get pregnant with medication or a fertilized egg in a test tube. Copyright ⓒ 2014 John Sangwon Lee, MD., FAAP
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“The information contained in this publication should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your doctor. There may be variations in treatment that your doctor may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.
“Parental education is the best medicine.“